1 samuel chapter 4 commentary

First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. God showed He was greater than the ark. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. Chapter Contents. If the shout comes from your heart, I would not ask you to restrain it. Kept in the most holy place of the tabernacle, the people never saw it. God showed He was greater than the ark. The taking of the ark was a great judgment upon Israel, and a certain token of God's displeasure... View the entire commentary. IV. : Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. Why was he so nervous? This is another proof that this book was compiled after the times and transactions which it records, and probably from memoranda which had been made by a contemporary writer. God is come into the camp - They took for granted, as did the Israelites, that his presence was inseparable from his ark or shrine. The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of about four thousandmen of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). (12-18) Eli hears of the loss of the Ark of the Covenant of God and dies. For such a thing has never happened before. Samuel, Saul and David. i. The Philistines, strengthened not merely by a constant influx of immigrants, but by the importation of arms from Greece, were fast reducing Israel to the condition of a subject race.” (Smith, Pulpit Commentary). The anguish was too great, and labor pains came upon her. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Ὑδατι τε λιαρῳ και αλειφατι· πολλα δε σ, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Julius Caesar having totally defeated Pharnaces, king of Pontus, wrote a letter to the Roman senate, which contained only these three words: -, Admiral Hawke having totally defeated the French fleet, in 1759, off the coast of Brittany, wrote as follows to King George II. Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion. (1-3) The Israelites ask for a king. In chap. “The glory of God had indeed departed, but not because the ark of God had been captured; the ark had been captured because the glory had already departed.” (Ellison), ii. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battell, and … 1 and, for all Israel, the word of Samuel was as the word of Yahweh; since Eli was very old and his sons persisted in their wicked behaviour towards Yahweh. Now the proof of judgment came. The *Philistines return the *ark of God to *Israel. The ancient Greeks in their mourning often shaved off their hair: -, Τουτο νυ και γερας οιον οΐζυροισι βροτοισι,π. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas. ii. i. Godless Philistines can teach us something. (10-11) The ark goes into battle and Israel is defeated worse than before. Worried about His reputation? Moses told the priests to lead the ark into battle against the Midianites (Numbers 31:6). We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. You can check these in your browser security settings. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”, : Poor wife of Phinehas! Then the man said to Eli, “I am he who came from the battle. “The glory of God had indeed departed, but not because the ark of God had been captured; the ark had been captured because the glory had already departed.” (Ellison). b. Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God: Eli anxiously waited back at the tabernacle for news of the battle. : The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. And when the man came into the city and told, , all the city cried out. Auxilioque vocare Deos, et tendere palmas. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. c. The ark of God was captured: This was worse than just losing a battle. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, due to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. God humbled them that he might exalt them; he suffered his glory for a time to become eclipsed, that he might afterwards cause it to break out with the greater effulgence. 1 Samuel 4:7. The Ark of the Covenant was the representation of the throne of God in Israel. True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon). “Their idea was that God should be, to fight for them. A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2.They resolve to give the Philistines battle once more, and bring the ark of the Lord, with Hophni and Phinehas the priests, into the camp, 1 Samuel 4:3, 1 Samuel 4:4.They do so, and become vainly confident, 1 Samuel 4:5. Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. 3. God promised that Eli’s two sons would die on the same day as a sign of judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). All Israel shouted - Had they humbled themselves, and prayed devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. The elders wanted to take this representation of the throne of God out of the holy of holies (it could be moved when the tabernacle was to be moved), cover it, and bring it into battle with them. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (, For such a thing has never happened before, ), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (, who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues. (1-9) They bring it to Bethshemesh. To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. 5. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. The glory of God had departed in one sense. : The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. But the image is complete in King Latinus himself, when he heard of the death of his queen, and saw his city in flames: -. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? This was a difficult period for Israel. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. Because the news was so bad he came with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. 1. But do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be faith. (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. Consecrated crosses, blessing and hallowing of colors and standards, are the modern remains of those ancient superstitions. With the ark more than seven times as … 1 Samuel 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material Hi, Sign out If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. (6-9) The Philistines’ fear of the Ark of the Covenant. The tidings of this brought to Shiloh, and the sad reception of those tidings. In the above examples, excellent as they are in their kind, we find little more than one idea, whereas the report of the Benjamite includes several; for, in the most forcible manner, he points out the general and particular disasters of the day, the rout of the army, the great slaughter, the death of the priests, who were in effect the whole generals of the army, and the capture of the ark; all that, on such an occasion, could affect and distress the heart of an Israelite. Came to Shiloh the same day - The field of battle could not have been at any great distance, for this young man reached Shiloh the same evening after the defeat. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The anguish was too great, and, : For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. And when the man came into the city and told it, all the city cried out. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:4". The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. Finally, God did not bless Israel’s superstitious belief in the power of the ark instead of the power of God. Israel is smitten before the Philistines... View the entire commentary. The ark in the Philistine city of Ashdod. It was hearing the Ark of the Covenant of God was captured. Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. Introduction. These mighty gods: Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. She tears with both her hands her purple vest. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. i. Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel. But for all the appearances, it was really nothing. ii. Commentaries for 1 Samuel Chapter 4 The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. God is come into the camp — Thus these ignorant idolaters termed the mere symbol of God’s presence God, imagining, no doubt, that the Israelites worshipped it. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). the cherubim. b. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. (1-4) The weakened condition of the house of Saul. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (For such a thing has never happened before), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues). c. The glory has departed: The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. Went out— To meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their loss by Samson, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, and assisted… ii. Wo to the towns through Asia's peopled realms! Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. I shall give his first speech, and leave the reader to compare the two accounts. iii. Finally, God did not bless Israel’s superstitious belief in the power of the ark instead of the power of God. i. They only cared if it worked. Let us fetch the ark - They vainly supposed that the ark could save them, when the God of it had departed from them because of their wickedness. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant… it may save us from the hand of our enemies, : The elders of Israel, after the battle with the Philistines, decided the next battle could be won if they took the. To reflect her anguish and the national tragedy upon Israel she named the child Ichabod, meaning, “The glory has departed from Israel.”. Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. The Philistines now held it. Worried about His reputation? (1-10) God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli's house. CHAPTER 4 1 Samuel 4:1-11. With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. Will have impact how our site John Gill ; but we know the plague involved rats the enemy ; 1 samuel chapter 4 commentary. Modern remains of those tidings were there with the courage of desperate men there! I am he who came from the tribe of Benjamin ran from the tribe of Judah between! 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