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Stamens usually as many as and alternating with corolla lobes. Similar Images . All seed is posted in bubble wrap protection. The fruit is oval, hard, woody and fibrous, about 80mm long and about 40mm in diameter, light-grey with small raised white spots and if not eaten by large browsers or elephant, will remain on the tree for years. Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of Southern Africa, edn 3. Moths are attracted to the flowers and are probably the pollinators. Gardenia thunbergia occurs in a strip up the eastern coast of South Africa from near Grahamstown in Eastern Cape to Kosi Bay in the north of KwaZulu-Natal. The flower has a thickish calyx that makes it difficult for other insects to dig through the tube to reach the nectar. Light-green veined leaves show off the large, white flowers which bloom profusely from October to March. Boon, R. 2010. Six species are found in South Africa, in all provinces except the Northern and Western Cape. The creamy-white, bisexual Flowers are large, regular and solitary. Gardenia Thunbergia (Wild Gardenia) The wild gardenia with its heavily perfumed flowers, decorative fruit and pale bark adds year-round interest to the patio. http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantefg/gardenthun.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gardenia_thunbergia, http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/gardenia-thunbergia-white-gardenia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Peter_Thunberg, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cephonodes_hylas, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubiaceaehttps://breedingbutterflies.com/cephonodes-hylas-coffeebean-hawkmoth/, https://www.whatsthatbug.com/2011/03/21/twig-wilters-from-south-africa/, Your email address will not be published. The heavily and sweetly scented Flowers – especially at night are up to 7cm wide. Truncheon cuttings are best taken in early spring, and placed in well-drained, sandy soil in a cool, shady spot and kept damp but not wet. Hard, greyish-green, egg-shaped fruit can remain on the tree for years. Younger fruit is greenish with raised dots, but as it matures the skin becomes grey and very hard and woody. It also makes a good pot plant in a large container, its pale grey bark and angular shape making it an interesting form plant, while the flowers perfume the air. A woody fruit that has hard, angular seeds inside is produced by the Gardenia thunbergia. He then moved to Japan. GERISCHER, G.F.R., VAN WYK, W.J. They are hairless and often elliptic (Oval in outline, being narrowed to rounded ends and widest near the middle). 2005. Grows to 5-10ft. Your email address will not be published. JOFFE, P. 2001. Rooting of cuttings is best under mist, using a 100-120 mm piece of young (approx. This tree bloomed after being introduced into Kew in 1773. #113599655 - Gardenia thunbergia branch with fruit. The abundant and extremely fragrant flowers are … The roots and leaves are used in various parts of Africa to treat syphilis, and the latex is used as a purgative. Struik, Cape Town. The flowers do not turn yellow as they age on the bush. Similar Images . Light-green veined leaves show off the large, white flowers which bloom profusely from October to March. The Calyx has Sepals that form a tube, which is cleft at one side and has a cluster of small leafy outgrowths. NEUWINGER, H.D. The fruit ends with a persistent Calyx (photo 348). Bark is whitish to pale grey and smooth (photos 346 & 396). One species, Gardenia thunbergia, can reach 15 feet. (2016) p 75 Parts Shown: Leaf, Flower, Seed, Fruit Art. There are no related plants for species Gardenia thunbergia. Common names: (A) Buffelsbal, Wildekatjiepiering, Witkatjiepiering, (E) Cape Jessamine, Forest Gardenia, (Z) Umvalasangweni. Gardenia thunbergia is a slow-growing, long-lived, evergreen shrub that can reach to 7 m in height. Light-green veined leaves show off the large, white flowers which bloom profusely from October to March. Medpharm GmbH Scientific Publishers, Stuttgart, Germany. The fruits are hard and woody, and heavily fibrous inside, and can remain on the bush for years. Description. Victor and A.E. Thunberg (1743-1828) a Swedish naturalist who collected mainly plant specimens in South Africa from 1772-1775. 2000. Propagation is from seed or truncheons. It is too small for much other use. Being a solitary or in small clusters, white or pale yellow, the gardenia flowers are really fragrant creamy white flowers that have glossy, dark green leaves. ), umKhangazi (Xhosa), umValasangweni, umKhwakhwane (Zulu). Gardenia Thunbergia (Wild Gardenia) The wild gardenia with its heavily perfumed flowers, decorative fruit and pale bark adds year-round interest to the patio. Gardenias are also quite similar to rothmannias, but an easy way to distinguish them is by their flowers: gardenia flowers are tubular with many petals, whereas rothmannia flowers are funnel shaped with only five petals. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Many tough Seeds are contained within a pulpy covering. It is densely twiggy and rigid with smooth light-grey bark, and is horticulturally valuable, being easy to grow as a strong hedge, but more usually as a specimen plant, striking in appearance and long lived. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. We have to use hammers, or any heavy, blunt instrument we can find to break the fruits open, and nails and heavy duty spoons to scoop the seeds out. (Oct-Mar). The flowers are followed by large, rounded fruits. The wood is heavy, dense and extraordinarily hard, a pleasing yellowish colour, and it presents a high lustre when polished. The genus Gardenia was named in honour of Dr Alexander Garden (1730-1971) a Scottish physician who practised in South Carolina, USA, and a correspondent of Linnaeus. POOLEY, E. 1993. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. They open from elegantly furled creamy-green buds. 8 Anthers are present which alternate with the petals and are epipetalous (born or arising from the petals). Gardenias have long been used for medicinal treatments in traditional medicine and if you are so inclined it is worth doing a little research on the subject. Insect are responsible for pollination. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least concern). Growing Gardenia thunbergia. #209. Uses. The shape is variable and each is up to 15 x 10cm (photo 350). The tree is very slow growing. Rare in the Cape; Not Threatened in KwaZulu-Natal; Insufficiently Known in Swaziland; Global Status: Not Threatened. 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